Later boundary changes reduced the state to its present size. From the s until the s, the chief crop of the state was henequen , which is extracted from the agave cactus for the manufacture of rope and twine.
Most henequen was produced on large plantations and, to a lesser extent from the s, on cooperative ejidos common lands. Agricultural output now includes grains, tropical fruits, cattle, and pigs. However, services and manufacturing are more important economically. Since the s, maquiladoras export-oriented assembly plants have created additional employment.
Yucatán | state, Mexico | ekadomir.gq
State government is headed by a governor, who is elected to a single six-year term. Members of the unicameral legislature , the State Congress, are elected to three-year terms.
Area 14, square miles 38, square km. Article Media. Info Print Cite.
Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. By Suzanne Barbezat. With world-famous archaeological sites, enchanting colonial cities, romantic haciendas and resorts, beautiful beaches and a distinct cuisine, the Yucatan Peninsula is a great vacation destination. The Peninsula is a vast, flat limestone shelf with a thin layer of topsoil.
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There are few lakes and rivers are mostly subterranean. The porous limestone of the area has created cenotes which are the main source of water for the area. The Yucatan's low elevation and tropical climate make for hot and humid weather most of the year. This is the homeland of the Maya , who built cities and ceremonial centers in ancient times and still give the area a distinctive cultural feel. The Yucatec Maya language is still spoken here, along with Spanish.
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The Yucatan Peninsula is paradise for beach lovers! Beaches on the Caribbean coast have white sand and astonishing blue turquoise water. Cancun , in the state of Quintana Roo, is Mexico's most popular destination.
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It has modern hotels and resorts, restaurants, nightclubs and shopping centers, as well as beautiful beaches and lots of opportunities for practicing water sports. The Mayan Riviera stretches along nearly miles of Caribbean coastline south of Cancun and offers great alternatives for folks who want a beach vacation but want to avoid mega-resorts.
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The Yucatan Peninsula is home to some of Mexico's most impressive archaeological sites. The Maya built impressive cities and visitors wonder at the constructions. Discover the Mayan archaeological sites of the Yucatan Peninsula.